Journey Towards Creating Effective Schools for All Learners
Inclusive Academic Instruction Part I - Plan Inclusive Lessons
Links to relevant internet resources.
tools. Tools for analysis, discussion, and planning you may
use in class, professional development, and in your own practice as a
- What Helps Students Learn and What Teachers Do. Have
participants review the statements made by students in this survey and consider
inclusive teaching using Activity Tool 11-2.
to look for in a classroom.Based
on Alfie Kohn's article by this title, respondents identify
good signs and possible reasons for concern in a classroom
they have observed
and discuss implications for students with special needs using
Activity Tool 11-3.
approaches. Respondents are asked to use Activity
Tool 11-4, a listing of teaching practices, to move away from
(left column) and to move towards (right
column) to evaluate their own teaching practice and consider
how the might move towards more effective teaching.
- A place for John in a best practice class. Using
Activity Tool 11-5, request that participants read this story about John and respond
to and discuss the questions
at the bottom of the Tool.
for dealing with ability differences in schools and classrooms. Activity
Tool 11-6 describes the range of strategies that schools
and teachers use to deal with students with differing abilities.
Respondents may describe how these are used in schools and
classes that they know.
of Authentic, Multi-level Instruction. Participants can
Activity Tool 11-7 to record
their reflections and implications of these principles. They can use
Activity Tool 11-8 to rate their own
teaching or that of another teacher on each of these principles and
discuss strategies by which a teacher might improve on use of these
authentic, multi-level instruction. The following
tools are intended to be a series of activities by which participants may
learn a sysstematic process for planning and implementing authentic, multi-level
multi-level instruction: Overview and lesson design form. Use
Activity Tool 11-9 to introduce and the lesson plan
format using a multi-level design.
learning goals and assessment. Use Activity
Tool 11-11 to have participants discuss and record open-ended assignments
that use higher levels of thinking on Bloom's taxonomy (Activity
Tool 11-10). Use Activity
Tool 11-12 and ask students to (1) state an overall learning goal
(from the previous
worksheet); (2) expectations at three different levels of ability (high
functioning students; average; and lower functioning students); and (3)
identify ways they will assess learning.
- Multi-level learning activities. Have
participants use Activity Tool 11-13 to design multi-level learning activities and then analyze each activity
related to its use of multiple intelligences.
learning activities are multi-level. Use
Activity Tool 11-14 and ask
pasrticipants to analyze, discuss, and document how each of the learning
activities is multi-level. You may want to facilitate sharing across
groups and discussion.
- Including these students. Participiants
can review the case studies in Activity
Tool 11-16 and record strategies
using Activity Tool 11-15 regarding how specific students with special needs may valuably
in each learning activity.
- Roles of support staff in multi-level learning activities. Use
Activity Tool 11-17 and have participants indicate roles for support staff, such as
a special education teacher or speech therapist, in implementing each of
the learning activities.
Artwork reprinted by permission of
Martha Perske from PERSKE:
PENCIL PORTRAITS 1971-1990
Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1998.